Drug Overdose Info You Should Know
Every year on August 31, people around the world observe International Overdose Awareness Day (IOAD). IOAD is a time to educate yourself and others about drug overdose, to learn how to prevent overdose-related deaths, and to remember those we have lost. You can also get involved with IOAD events that are taking place across the country and around the world.
What is an overdose?
An overdose occurs when too much of a drug, or combination of drugs, causes physiological distress that leads to liver, heart, lung, kidney, or brain failure.
When you think of a drug overdose, you might think only about heroin. But, did you know that a person can overdose using other drugs, including common prescription medications like OxyContin, Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Percocet, and Tylenol 3?
How to spot an overdose
Common signs of an overdose include:
- Heavy/uncontrollable nodding of the head
- Being unresponsive or unable to be woken up
- Shallow breathing and/or gurgling
- Skin changes like blue lips and fingernails
A person who is overdosing may have some, but not all, of these signs. And they may have signs other than these as well.
If you’re unsure, you can try calling out their name, shaking them, and rubbing on their sternum (center of their chest) to see if they are responsive.
What to do if you see someone overdosing
If you see or are with someone who you think is overdosing, call 911.
If you are trained in reversing overdoses with naloxone/Narcan, administer it after you call 911 for help.
Then, stay with the person to see if they wake up and tell them what happened. When emergency personnel arrive, tell them you gave the person naloxone. If you need to leave the area before help arrives, leave the used naloxone container near the person so the emergency personnel can see it.
Wait, it’s possible to reverse an overdose?!
Naloxone — also know by the brand name Narcan — is a life-saving drug that interrupts an opioid overdose, reverses the symptoms, and saves lives. If naloxone is used on a person who isn’t actually overdosing, the drug will have no effect on them. When you administer naloxone, there’s also no way to “do it wrong” or in a way that will hurt the person. You can only help.
If you live in or near New York City and would like to become a trained overdose responder, email Mary Brewster and she will schedule a training with you (we’ll give you a free naloxone kit, too!). Last year, Harlem United trained overdose responders reversed at least 15 overdoses. This year, you could save a life.